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The decorative front elevation of a building.

Face brickwork

Brickwork that is laid to a high standard of workmanship with facing bricks in order to be decorative and attractive without an applied finish.


A board set horizontally along the eaves of a roof, hiding the rafter feet and providing a fixing for the rainwater gutter.


The arrangement of windows and doors in wall elevation.


Name given to a range of board materials formed of compressed wood and other fibres. Some earlier forms may contain elements of asbestos as a fire retardant.


A thin strip of cement/mortar, usually triangular in section, provided at the joint of two surfaces to prevent moisture penetration.

Fire or Flame Retardant

Chemical application that reduces the spread of fire.

Fire Wall

Term given to a party wall positioned between two separate dwellings to prevent the spread of fire from one to another. Should be continuous from the ground up to the roof, if not above in the form of parapets.

Finlock Gutters

Name given to pre-cast concrete interlocking rainwater gutters.


Impervious strip of material, usually lead, provided at the junction between a roof and an adjoining surface to prevent moisture penetration.


A sloping mortar fillet provided to the top of a chimney, surrounding the flue terminals, to shed rainwater.

Flight Holes

Small holes found in timber due to the presence of 'Wood-boring insects'.


A pipe to extract noxious gases from a boiler, heater or fire to the exterior of the building. Traditionally operate by natural draught but more modern flues may be fan assisted.

Flying Freehold

A legal term for when there are no clear vertical divisions between neighbouring properties; i.e. a property may extend over or under its neighbour. This may infer various rights and legal issues which need to be carefully confirmed by a Solicitor.


The supporting ground beneath a building. Most modern buildings are supported by concrete foundations of various types. Older properties may be supported by a variety of materials including timber, brick or stone or may not have any foundations at all.


A fine dust left by wood-boring insects.

Frame Construction

A load bearing frame forming the skeleton of a building, made up of various members connected by joints. May be of timber, concrete or steel construction.


Refers to the indentation found in the top of a brick. It reduces weight and improves the stability of brickwork. In the UK bricks are usually laid 'Frog' up.

Frost Damage

Damage caused by the freezing and thawing action of absorbed water within a material.